When you are thinking about starting farming business in India, it might be a better idea to do some research before setting up a big project.
If you want to build a small scale farm instead of a large one, then you can still take help from experts like farmers who are willing to share their knowledge with others through WhatsApp groups.
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How much time does it take to complete two projects for starters?
Some plants grow over 100 days while they need about 25-30 days of sunlight, whereas other crops need up to 300 days. Once the plants are grown, the next step is to bring them indoors, water them, cut their leaves, harvest them, and then plant them.
What kind of plant needs more light?
It depends on the season. For example, if you are going to harvest mangoes or orange fruits, the mangoes would require more sunlight than fruit like apple or pineapple. And it also varies according to what type of seed.
A pumpkin seed grows well in warm summer conditions such as Bengal and Madras, which takes 40 to 50 hours to reach maximum ripening point. On the other hand, paddy plant can grow at all year round.
This means in case of crop cultivation, it helps to keep the weather intact and there’s no option to change.
What kind of soil is best suited for the given climate?
The kind of soil determines the overall yield. Good soil quality leads to higher productivity. The type of soil you will find in your area is determined by factors such as altitude, geographic location, soil fertility, etc.
Some regions like Mumbai have high clay layer, while those located along the banks are good for paddy cultivation. When choosing a suitable soil to grow your plants, the most important factor would be pH level – pH level between 6.5 and 7 (most fertile soils usually find themselves at 1-2).
Nowadays, many modern agricultural technologies have made this possible.
What are the best plants for the soil?
There are different kinds of plants for different soil types. Along with these, there are several diseases as well. So make sure you know what kind of soil you are going to use. Another thing to check before planting is how many of your seeds need and which ones are going to survive the long run.
Also, keep in mind if any kind of chemical or herbicides will be used, it should be avoided at all costs as they can harm healthy plants. Lastly, know which seeds you have planted when. It can save you a lot of time and effort in the future.
How much irrigation system are you using?
A good irrigation system would get rid of unwanted plants, provide adequate amount of water and remove unnecessary plants. Water plays a major role in growth and it’s not advisable to waste any amount of it. Proper irrigation is necessary before planting.
So, start getting your hands dirty in the field and explore more on Google, Facebook, Twitter, and social media. As you learn more about various ways to improve the efficiency, choose wisely. No wonder scientists claim that water is essential for plants to grow.
One major advantage of irrigation systems is that they can be reused, meaning the same can be used again.
How to maintain your trees?
As you grow, so will your trees and after you plant them, it becomes difficult for someone to find them back. Plants go through certain stages in their life cycle, so to avoid any problems, you should take care to prevent any damage to roots, branches or leaves.
Just to mention about it- they should be watered regularly and this requires a proper understanding of how plants grows and why they grow in specific order. While maintenance can be done almost every day, the exact timing is determined by the soil and atmosphere of the place you are in.
How to prepare your seeds?
Soak the seeds overnight and leave them soaked in cold water for around 10 minutes. Then soak them again for another ten minutes. Finally, cover the seeds in a paper towel and let them dry under a sunny roof.
Place them in a window box. Keep away from direct sun to avoid damaging the seedlings. Seeds are sensitive and require proper protection. They can last upto 8 months and one month can be sufficient enough to get the nutrients.
How to plant your flowers?
Flowers can be planted during winter or spring. However, due to variations in climate, flowering happens in different locations. Before planting, make sure your flowerpots are filled with air from different parts of the house. Next, set the pots or terrarium outdoors and water them well.
Don’t forget to keep sprinklers off. After watering the garden, put the pots inside and plant some flowers that can withstand harshness of heat. During late autumn season, you can find plenty of good flowers ready for the spring season in all parts of the city.
How often will they take root?
If you buy seeds and give them space, you don’t want anything else except to plant them and grow them. Every plant has its time to bloom.
However, this process happens very fast and if you plan out early, it may become difficult. Therefore, you have to think in advance, and create a room. Take everything in a particular area that is to be covered with some plants.